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      當前位置:專業翻譯公司 >> 翻譯資訊

      研究稱音樂培訓可延緩衰老

        Agrowingbodyofresearchfindsmusicaltraininggivesstudentslearningadvantagesintheclassroom.NowaNorthwesternUniversitystudyfindsmusicaltrainingcanbenefitGrandma,too,byoffsettingsomeofthedeleterious(有害的,產生危害的)effectsofaging."Lifelongmusicaltrainingappearstoconferadvantagesinatleasttwoimportantfunctionsknowntodeclinewithage--memoryandtheabilitytohearspeechinnoise,"saysNinaKraus,directoroftheAuditoryNeuroscienceLaboratoryandco-authorofthestudyintheMay11issueoftheonlinesciencejournalPLoSOne.Co-writtenbyNorthwesternresearchersAlexandraParbery-Clark,DanaStrait,SamiraAnderson,EmilyHittnerandKraus,"MusicalExperienceandtheAgingAuditorySystem"findsthat--whencomparedtotheirnon-musiciancounterparts--musicians45-to65-years-oldexcelinauditorymemoryandtheabilitytohearspeechinnoisyenvironments.
        
        "Difficultyhearingspeechinnoiseisamongthemostcommoncomplaintsofolderadults,butage-relatedhearinglossonlypartiallyaccountsforthisimpediment(妨害,阻礙)thatcanleadtosocialisolationanddepression,"saysKraus."It'swellknownthatadultswithvirtuallythesamehearingprofilecandifferdramaticallyintheirabilitytohearspeechinnoise."Tofindoutwhy,theresearchersinKraus'AuditoryNeuroscienceLaboratoryinNorthwestern'sSchoolofCommunicationtested18musiciansand19non-musiciansaged45to65forspeechinnoise,auditoryworkingmemory,visualworkingmemoryandauditorytemporalprocessing.Themusicians–whobeganplayinganinstrumentatage9orearlierandconsistentlyplayedaninstrumentthroughouttheirlives–bestedthenon-musiciangroupinallbutvisualworkingmemory,wherebothgroupsshowednearlyidenticalability.Theexperienceofextractingmeaningfulsoundsfromacomplexsoundscape--andofrememberingsoundsequences–enhancesthedevelopmentofauditoryskills,saysKraus,HughKnowlesChairinCommunicationSciences."Theneuralenhancementsweseeinmusically-trainedindividualsarenotjustanamplifyingor'volumeknob'effect,"saysKraus,whoalsoisprofessorofneurobiology(神經生物學)andphysiologyintheWeinbergCollegeofArtsandSciences."Playingmusicengagestheirabilitytoextractrelevantpatterns,includingthesoundoftheirowninstrument,harmoniesandrhythms."Musictraining"fine-tunes"thenervoussystem,accordingtoKraus,alongtimeadvocateofmusicintheK-12curriculum."Soundisthestockintradeofthemusicianinmuchthesamewaythatapainterofportraitsiskeenlyattunedtothevisualattributesofthepaintthatwillconveyhisorhersubject,"Kraussays.
        
        "Ifthematerialsthatyouworkwitharesound,thenitisreasonabletosupposethatallofyourfacultiesinvolvedwithtakingitin,holdingitinmemoryandrelatingphysicallytoitshouldbesharpened,"Krausadds."Musicexperiencebolsters(支撐,援助)theelementsthatcombatage-relatedcommunicationproblems."
        
        
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